Always follow CARE labels. If you are going to launder, follow these suggestions for removing stains.
BALLPOINT INK Hold stain against a towel, spray closely from behind with aerosol hair spray. Ink should transfer to towel.
BEVERAGES Soak in cool water. Re-wash with stain remover. Launder using (coffee, tea, soda, etc.) chlorine bleach (if safe for fabric) or oxygen bleach.
BLOOD Immediately rinse with cool water. For dried stains, soak in warm water with a product containing enzymes. Launder
CANDLE WAX Scrape off as much as possible with dull side of knife, then iron between absorbent paper, changing paper until wax is absorbed.
CHOCOLATE Pre-wash with product containing enzymes in warm water or treat with a pre-wash stain remover. Launder.
COLLAR, CUFF SOIL Pre-wash with stain remover, liquid laundry detergent or paste of granular detergent and water. Launder.
COSMETICS Pre-wash with stain remover, liquid laundry detergent or paste of (mascara, cream eye shadow) granular detergent and water or rub with bar soap. Launder.
DAIRY PRODUCTS Soak in a product containing enzymes for at least 30 minutes (cream, milk, ice cream) (hours for aged stains). Launder.
DEODORANTS Pre-treat with liquid laundry detergent. Launder. For heavy ANTI-PERSPIRANTS stains pre-treat with pre-wash stain remover. Allow to stand 5 to 10 minutes. Launder using an oxygen bleach.
EGG Soak in product containing enzymes. Launder.
FRUIT JUICE Rinse with cool water.
GRASS Soak in product containing enzymes. If stain persists, launder using a chlorine bleach (if safe for fabric) or oxygen bleach.
GREASE SPOTS, OIL Pre-treat with pre-wash stain remover or liquid laundry detergent. For heavy stains, place stain face down on clean paper towels. Apply cleaning agent to back of stain. Replace paper towels under stain frequently. Let dry, rinse and launder using hottest water safe for fabric.
INK Use ink eradicator on undyed, untreated linen.
LEMON, LIME JUICE, VINEGAR Rinse immediately with cool water.
LIPSTICK On pure linen, rub with a little salad oil to dissolve lipstick, then launder to remove the oil.
MEAT JUICE Rinse with cool, never hot, water.
MILDEW Badly mildewed fabrics may be beyond repair. Launder stained item using chlorine bleach (if safe for fabric), or soak in oxygen bleach and hot water. Then launder.
PERSPIRATION Use pre-wash stain remover or rub with bar soap. If color of fabric has changed, apply ammonia to fresh stains, white vinegar to old stains and rinse. Launder using hottest water safe for fabric.
RED WINE Cover with salt if stain is fresh, then rinse with cool water. If stain has dried, try club soda.
Sferra Linen Line Sferra linens should always be laundered, never dry cleaned. Use a gentile detergent and an oxygenated bleach. Never use chlorinated based bleach. Line dry or tumble dry on low heat and remove while damp. Iron while damp on the reverse side of the product.
SCORCH Treat same as for mildew (listed above).
TAR Scrape residue from fabric. Place stain face down on paper towels. Sponge with cleaning fluid. Replace towels frequently. Launder in hottest water safe for fabric.
TOMATO Rinse with cool water.
WHITE WINE Use club soda.
Acknowledgements: Courtesy of the Fashion Institute of Technology Textile Development & Marketing Department.